Dance to Wireless Music and New Radio Corporation, articles on early radio from the 1916-1919 NY Times  

The New York Times, December 31, 1916, p.4:


Phonograph at Highbridge Heard All Over House in Morristown, N. J.
Inventions of Dr. Armstrong of Columbia
and Lee de Forest Make Experiment a Success.

    What was declared to be the world's first wireless dance was held last night at 29 Morris Avenue, Morristown, N. J., the home of Theodore E. Gaty, Vice President of the Fidelity and Casualty Insurance Company of this City...
    Throughout the evening the seven or eight couples who had been invited danced to music that was played on a phonograph in Highbridge, at the southern end of Manhattan, about forty miles away from Morristown by air line.

    Mr. Gaty and his sons are enthusiastic amateurs in the science of radio telephony and telegraphy. A friend, P. F. Godley, of Montclair, who is a radio engineer, made use of the Lee de Forest audion detector and the sound amplifier invented by Dr. Edwin H. Armstrong of Columbia, the inventions which made transcontinental telephony possible, as well as a wireless telephone message to Honolulu.

    Mr. Godley, who is only 27 years old, adapted the two devices to amateur use and attached them to a phonograph horn in the Gaty home.
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Radio ad from the Dec 8, 1923 NY Times

    The phonograph that furnished last night's music was played in the Highbridge plant of the de Forest Radio Telephone and Telegraph Company, and the musical sound waves were received by the amateur receiver over Mr. Gaty's house.
    When the faint sounds, which, coming from the receiver, could scarcely be detected by the ear, passed through the combined sound amplifiers and then through the megaphone, they could be heard all over the house.

    To show how clearly the sound was transmitted Mr. Gaty telephoned to the de Forest company's office at Highbridge and the operator of the phonograph listened to the ground wire telephone. The music, when it got back to him by this route, he said, was even louder than the original sounds from the phonograph.
    A Times reporter called up Mr. Gaty's house and the telephone was placed near the receiver at that end. The music, transmitted about forty miles through the air and then nearly the same distance by ground wires, could be heard distinctly. The phonograph was telling how she could yacki hacki wicki wacki woo in Honolulu.

    Mr. Gaty was enthusiastic. He said that the operator in the de Forest building announced the number of each record, its name, and so forth when he was about to put it on the phonograph, and that the spoken announcement could be heard in every corner of the Gaty house.
    Mr. Godley, at his house in Montclair, had not taken the trouble to ask if the experiment was successful. He took it as a matter of fact that it should be.

    "It's very simple," Mr. Godley said to a Times reporter. "Dr. Armstrong of Columbia has been doing research work along these lines for many years, and he has at last turned out a device that will multiply sound 500 to 1,000 times. The de Forest amplifier mulitplies sound twelve to fifteen times. The principle is somewhat the same, the difference is that the Armstrong instrument has a complex repeating action, while the de Forest instrument has a single repeating action.
    "Together, the instruments make it simple to telephone by wireless, and there's no reason why New Yorkers should not be telephoning to Chicago regularly except that the instruments have not yet been put to commercial use. That is because of the many legal fights that are taking place over the fundamental radio patents, and because of the field being practically tied up at the present time by the Marconi Company.
    "But there's nothing to prevent amateurs from using these instruments.

    "It would be just as easy to transmit the music of an entire opera from the Metropolitan Opera House as to transmit this phonograph music that is being played tonight. It would only be necessary to have the sending apparatus within range of the voices in the Metropolitan. With the amplifiers now being used the music could be transmitted about 200 miles..."

    Amateur wireless stations equipped with the new amplifiers, it was said last night, have been made so sensitive that they have recently picked up messages sent from the German radio station near Berlin...

The New York Times, October 23, 1919, p.23:


Concern to Unite Marconi and General Electric Holdings.

    A new corporation, to be known as the Radio Corporation of America, has been formed to take over and operate the stations and patents of the American Marconi Company and the radio rights of the General Electric Company.
    The new concern already has completed the arrangements with the General Electric Company, and the Directors of the American Marconi Company have approved the arrangement and called for a special meeting of stockholders for Nov. 20 to pass upon it.

    If the plans come to maturity, the General Electic Company will acquire the shares of the American Marconi Company which are now held by the British Marconi Company, and steps will be taken to set up high-grade commercial communication with England, France, Norway, Japan, Hawaii, Cuba and South America. Ultimately service will be extended to China and other countries.

    Edward J. Nally, Vice President and General Manager of the American Marconi Company, will be President of the Radio Corporation of America. Control of the new company will remain permanently in the United States. None of its stock, it is said, is to be offered on the market.

    The company will enjoy the technical assistance of the General Electric Company and will retain the staff of the American Marconi Company.
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Classic Radio Articles:
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Classic Telegraph Articles:
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